Contributor: Gordon K. Klintworth
Cirrhosis of the liver has many causes and for many years it was classified according to the amount of connective and the size of the liver nodules. Based on the nodularity of the liver in cirrhosis cirrhosis can be classified into several types: macronodular cirrhosis [cirrhosis - macronodular], micronodular cirrhosis [cirrhosis - micronodular] and mixed cirrhosis [cirrhosis - mixed]. The types of cirrhosis include alcoholic liver disease [cirrhosis - alcoholic], viral hepatitis B,viral hepatitis C, chronic active hepatitis [hepatitis - chronic active], primary biliary cirrhosis [cirrhosis - primary biliary], nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis [hepatitis - autoimmune], drug-induced liver disease, extrahepatic biliary obstruction, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, cystic fibrosis, alpha-1- antitrypsin deficiency, glycogen storage disease type III, glycogen storage disease type IV, galactosemia, hereditary fructose intolerance, tyrosinemia, Gaucher disease, Niemann-Pick disease, Wolman disease, mucopolysaccharidosis, Zellweger syndrome, and Indian childhood cirrhosis [cirrhosis - Indian childhood]. Effects of cirrhosis include portal hypertension [hypertension - portal], caput medusae, esophageal varices, ascites , hemorrhoids, and liver failure.