Contributor: Gordon K. Klintworth
Cirrhosis has many causes. They include alcoholic liver disease [cirrhosis - alcoholic], chronic active hepatitis [hepatitis - chronic active], primary biliary cirrhosis [cirrhosis - primary biliary], extrahepatic biliary obstruction, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, cystic fibrosis, alpha-1- antitrypsin deficiency, glycogen storage disease type III, glycogen storage disease type IV, galactosemia, hereditary fructose intolerance, tyrosinemia, Gaucher disease, Niemann-Pick disease, Wolman disease, mucopolysaccharidosis, Zellweger syndrome, and Indian childhood cirrhosis [cirrhosis - Indian childhood]. Based on the nodularity of the liver in cirrhosis cirrhosis can be classified into several types: macronodular cirrhosis [cirrhosis - macronodular], micronodular cirrhosis [cirrhosis - micronodular] and mixed cirrhosis [cirrhosis - mixed]. Effects of cirrhosis include portal hypertension [hypertension - portal] and liver failure.