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Contributor: Gordon K Klintworth
Anthrax is a serious life threatening infection caused by Bacillus anthracis. The infection is characterized by a severe hemorrhagic edema and inflammation. The lung and skin are often involved. The virulence of the bacteria is due to its potent bacterial exotoxin. Cutaneous infection may involve the eyelid and from this site the infection can spread into the eye and cause panophthalmitis. With vaccination of animals anthrax has been largely eradicated, but the organism is a likely candidate in biological warfare. .